It’s a campaign document. The Democrats will never pass it in the House, and they won’t allow it to pass the Senate either.
The main thing President Trump needs to do is to stop illegal immigration, not come up with ideas for changing legal immigration. It’s nice, but it’s not going to happen.
Anyway, according to the Washington Examiner:
The reform would radically change the makeup of lawful immigrants but would keep the overall volume steady at around 1.1 million every year.
The Trump plan does not attempt to resolve the status of young adults who have work permits under the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, which is pending Supreme Court review and is a Democratic priority, and it does not propose changes to temporary guest-worker visas.
Trump will describe the plan in a speech, but the the White House has not said where the speech will be.
Under the Trump plan, the share of legal immigrants permitted entry based on job skills would rise from 12 percent to 57 percent. Family bonds as a justification for legal entry would fall from 66 percent to 33 percent. Asylum and diversity admissions would fall from 22 percent to 10 percent.
The plan calls for elimination of the diversity lottery system that currently admits about 55,000 people a year from underrepresented countries, and the streamlining of the asylum system. Family unification will prioritize spousal and parental relationships, another long-held Trump priority.
The proposal calls for three high-skilled immigrant categories, recognizing extraordinary talent, professional and specialized vocations, and exceptional students. Applicants in each category would gain points if they achieve certain benchmarks, such as passing U.S. civics and English proficiency tests, a health screen, and a criminal background check.
The points system would also reward offers of employment, youth, and educational and vocational certifications. There additionally would be points awarded for “diversity” to those from countries with historically low rates of immigration, though that qualification alone would not allow for entry.